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Notes. Chapter V

"Jewish Magic and Superstition", by Joshua Trachtenberg, [1939],

Chapter V

The Spirits Of The Dead

\"S. as." 305; "Rokea" 313, p. 79b; Moses Taku, "Oar Nemad", Iii, 88; \"Nishmat ayim" III, 3; "REJ", Xxv (1892), 4. On Jewish polypsychism see Ginzberg, "Legends", V, 74, n. 18; "JE", Iii, 458; Preis, 9-10; Franck, 192; Ginsburg, 114; Kammelhar, 60 f.; "ochmat HaNefesh", 6a ff. Among the multitude of proofs for the continued existence of the spirit after death, this one, for which "non-Jewish scholars" are cited as authority, is perhaps the most extraordinary: "Dice made out of the bones of a corpse will win a man as much wealth as he wishes"! "iyuni", 2,c, cf. also 29a.

\"S. as." 35, 63, 271, 1543, 1546, 1547, addendum on pp. 126 f., etc.; "Rokea", 229 (quoted in "Taame HaMinhagim", 112b); "ochmat HaNefesh", 17a; "iyuni", 10d; Neubauer and Stern, 5, 52; Marmorstein, "MGWJ", Lxxi (1927), 43-4.

\"S. as." 266, 321, 322, 331, 1530, 1543; \"S. as. B" 1163; "Testament of Judah the Pious", 11 (cf. "Or Zarua", Ii, 419, p. 85c); Kammelhar, 62; "Leket Yosher" II, 87; "Responsa" of Israel Bruna, 181, p. 66b; "Maaseh Book" 521 f.; Lowenthal, "Memoirs of Glckel of Hameln", 12-13.

\"S. as." 265, 305, 1885; \"Testament of Judah the Pious", 1; "Rokea", 316, p. 83a; "Toledot Adam veavah", 28:1, p. 182b; "iyuni", 21b, c; "Nishmat ayim" II, 26; "Yore Deah" 362:6;--Landshuth, p. xlviii; "S. as. B" 25; "Responsa" of Meir of Rothenburg, Lemberg, 164; "Nimuke" of Menaem of Merseburg, 85b, 86a; "Orot adikim", 78a.

\"S. as." 273, 323, 1537; \"S. as. B" 1171; "Kol Bo" 114; "Yesh Noalin", 3a;

p. 285

[paragraph continues] I. Lvi, "Si les morts ont conscience de ce qui se passe ici-bas, REJ", Xxvi (1893), 69-74.

\"S. as. B" 1135; Lowenthal, op. cit., 27; Marmorstein, "JJV", Ii (1925), 351 ff.;--Landshuth, pp. iv-vi (for Talmudic and medieval references); J. Mann, "CCAR Yearbook", Xliv (1934), 231; \"Testament of Judah the Pious", 12; "Maharil", 37a; "Ora ayim" 579:3, 581:4, 605:1; \"Joseph Ome", 956, p. 212, 986, p. 219; "Mateh Moshe", 738, 789, 839; \"Emek Beracha", II, 61, p. 74b; Grnbaum, "Jdischdeutsche Chrest.", 572. The practice has arisen, in fairly recent times, of measuring the grave of a pious man with wicks, when someone is ill, and presenting the candles made with them to the synagogue. Cf. "Ber Heteb" on "Yore Deah" 376:4.

\"S. as." 1723; "Testament of Judah", 9; "Rokea", 316, P. 83a; "iyuni", 14b.

\"S. as." 26g, 327; "S. as. B" 708; "Testament of Judah", 13; "Rokea", loc. cit.; "ochmat HaNefesh", 15b; "Toledot Adam", loc. cit.; "MJV", Xliv (1912), 135.

\"Gen. R." 11:5; "Ma. Vit." 83-4, 113-4; \"Rokea", 362, p. 109a; "ochmat HaNefesh", 26c; "S. as. B" 1170; Marmorstein, "JJV", I (1923), 305 f. A similar belief in the repose of the dead on the Sabbath is to be found in Christianity, which of course transferred the day of rest to Sunday. According to Israel Lvi ("REJ", Xxv [1892], 7-10) this Christian belief was borrowed from the Jews in the second half of the fourth century. See also Grimm Iii, 417.

\"HaPardes", 57a; "Siddur Rashi", 521, p. 260; "HaManhig", 65; "Mateh Moshe", 391, 497; etc.--"HaPardes", 7b; "Siddur Rashi", 207, P. 95; \"Tos. Bea" 33b; "Ma. Vit." 151, p. 117; "Kol Bo", 41; etc.--"Tashbe", 14; "Leket Yosher", I, 58.

The material has been discussed in an interesting essay by Israel Lvi, "Le Repos Sabbatique des Ames Damnes, REJ", Xxv (1892), 1-13, Xxvi (1893), 131-5. See also David Kaufmann, "Was the Custom of Fasting on Sabbath Afternoon part of the Early Anglo-Jewish Ritual? JQR", "OS", Vi (1894), 954-6, and Ginzberg, "Legends", V, 143 and VI, 22. In addition to the sources cited in these articles, see "Lev Tov", 6:64, p. 63b, and Isserles, "Ora ayim", 291:2. In medieval Lorraine the belief was current among Christians that on New Year's night the souls in purgatory bathe in the wells and streams, and water should therefore not be drawn then (Digot, Iii, 185).
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